Types of Computer Monitor with Advantages and Disadvantages

What are Types of Computer Monitor with Advantages and Disadvantages


Computer Monitor: What does it mean?

Before we start Types of Computer Monitor with Advantages and Disadvantages.We have to know about computer monitor. A monitor is also said to be a screen or a visual display unit (VDU). A monitor is an electronic visual computer display. It includes circuitry, a case in which the circuitry is enclosed, and a screen.

The monitors of older computers made use of CRT. CRT stands for Cathode Ray Tube. Due to CRT’s, these monitors were very large, heavy, and inefficient.

Today LCD monitors are being used. LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display. These are Flat-Screen monitors. These monitors are used in devices like laptops, PDAs, and desktop computers. They are lighter and more energy-efficient as compare to those CRT monitors.

Computer Monitor

Lootlaay defines computer monitor:

A monitor is alternatively referred to as VDT (Video Display Terminal) and VDU (Video Display Unit). A monitor is an output device. It is used to display text, videos, and video images, etc. It is made up of the following:

  • Circuitry
  • Screen
  • Power Supply
  • Buttons (Buttons are used to adjust screen settings)
  • Casing (Casing is used to hold all these components)

The first computer monitors were comprised of a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) and a fluorescent screen just like the earliest televisions. But today all the monitors are being created using flat-panel-display technology.


History: When was the first computer monitor invented?

The very first monitor of the computer was a part of the Xerox Alto Computer System. It was released on March 1, 1973.

The quality of a monitor’s performance can be assessed using a few key factors given below.

  • Do Pitch:

Do pitch is a distance between each pixel in every square inch that is displayed. The shorter distance means sharper and clearer images.

  • Aspect Ratio:

It is the relationship of the vertical length to the horizontal length of the monitor.

  • Display Resolution:

This is also known as DPI (Dot Per Inch). It is used to determine the number of pixels per linear inch. The maximum number of pixels is discovered by the dot pitch.

  • Size:

This aspect is discovered by the diagonal measurement of the display screen.

Types: Different types of a computer monitor

Essentially there are two types of monitors. The second one has two variations which are based on backlighting (CCFL vs. LED).

The first and the oldest one is the CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) monitors. It was based on the same technology as early TVs (Televisions). The second one is the LED (Liquid Crystal Display).

CRT Monitors: Cathode Ray Tube Monitors

These monitors are cathode ray tubes. They are similar to CRT television. These TVs use RGB (red, green, blue) electrons flowing from left to right and fill each line on the display.

These electrons hit the phosphor on the CRT, they glow for a short period of time. They are refreshed.

CRT Monitors

Advantages of CRT:

Here you can see advantages of CRT

  • By reflecting the light CRT can increase the monitor’s brightness.
  • It can produce more colors.
  • It is cheaper to buy.


Disadvantages of CRT:

  • They have a big back.
  • They take space on the desk.
  • They emit a small number of X-Rays.
  • The emotions of X-Rays can result in a health hazard.
  • It needs constant refreshing.
  • They operate at a high voltage.
  • High voltage can overheat the system.
  • They are heavy to carry and pick up.


Computer Mouse with Advantages and Disadvantages

LCD Monitors: Liquid Crystal Display Monitors

LCD is a type of Flat-Panel monitor. It means that it is designed to be thin. This feature is often confused with the flat screen. It actually means that the screen of a computer monitor is flat instead of curved.

The screens of LCDs are refreshed in a different way from the CRT monitors. The screens of LCDs are created by electric voltages hutting the liquid crystal cells. They allow 64 different shades per cell.

These monitors have only one resolution size. In case of small resolution adoption, a black border will appear around the re-sized resolution.

LCD Monitors

Advantages of LCD:

The following are some advantages of LCD

  • The sharpness of LCD is at its maximum.
  • It has a high peak intensity.
  • It produces very bright images.
  • Its screen is perfectly flat.
  • It is very thin.
  • It is with a small footprint.
  • It consumes very little electricity.
  • It produces little heat.
  • The display unit is very light.
  • It can be placed anywhere in the house.
  • Lack of flicker.
  • The low glare reduces eyestrain.

Disadvantages of LCD:

The following are some disadvantages of LCD

  • The cost of the LCD is considerably high.
  • It has a slow response time.
  • It has a fixed resolution display.
  • The resolution cannot be changed.
  • The viewing angle is very limited.

Connections: Types of monitor connections

Computer monitors have one of the following types of monitor connectors. These connectors are used to connect to a computer.


  • DVI
  • HDMI
  • VGA
  • USB-C
  • DisplayPort
  • Thunderbolt

The monitor itself is a term that is used to describe the act of watching over something or someone.

A resident monitor is system software. It is used machines utilizing punch card input. These monitors came before but are very similar to an OS (Operating System).


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