5 Types of Computer Mouse with Advantages and Disadvantages

What are the Top 5 Types of Computer Mouse with Advantages and Disadvantages

Mouse:  A Short Answer

A mouse is handheld hardware. It is an input device. It’s used to control the position of the cursor on the monitor. It can move a text, select a text, select and move icons, files, and folders of your computer.

In the case of a desktop computer, a mouse is placed on a flat surface like a mouse pad or a desk. It is placed in front of the computer.

A mouse is an input device. It is named as a mouse because of its small size and elliptical shape. It looks like a mouse.

Advantages of a computer mouse


Why the mouse is called a pointer?

Sometimes, a mouse is called a pointer. It is because it is a hand-operated input device.  It is used to manipulate objects on the screen of the computer. A mouse can be wired or wireless.

It can use a laser or a ball. The movement detected from the mouse sends the instructions to the computer to move the cursor on the GUI. GUI stands for Graphical User Interface.

In this way, it interacts with the windows, files, and other software elements. The mouse is a peripheral device. It sits outside the main computer housing. It’s an essential part of computer hardware.

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Working of a mouse:

How does a computer mouse work? It is defined in three simple and easy steps.

  1. A way is needed to detect the motion of the mouse as you move it.
  2. When you press a button it recognizes the click.
  3. It needs that information to communicate with your computer.

disadvantages of a computer mouse

Advantages of a computer mouse:

The following are some advantages of a computer mouse

  • It is small in size.
  • It occupies a very small space.
  • It is lightweight.
  • It can be moved anywhere easily.
  • It is simple in working.
  • It is easy to understand and use it.
  • It is a fast way to select an icon on a computer.
  • Rapid navigation through applications.

Disadvantages of a computer mouse:

The following are some disadvantages of a computer mouse

  • People with restricted hands cannot use it easily.
  • Wrist movement may not find it easy to use the mouse.
  • A mouse gets damaged easily.
  • They need a flat surface to be used.
  • Without a flat surface, they do not work.
  • Older types of the mouse quickly clog up with dirt.
  • Its overuse may lead to RSI.

Types of a computer mouse:

Now you can see Types of Computer Mouse with images.

Mechanical mouse:

The first one in types of computer mouse are the mechanical mouse. It contains a metal or rubber ball on its underside. The sensor inside the mouse detects the motion when the ball is rolled in any direction. In this way, a cursor moves on GUI.

Mechanical mouse

Optical mouse:

An optical mouse is an advanced device of the computer. It uses an LED, an optical sensor, and digital signal processing. It has no moving parts so it needs no cleanliness.

Types of Computer Mouse

Infrared (IR) or radio frequency cordless mouse:

This type of mouse that can work on almost all surfaces. It has a small and red light-emitting diode which bounces the light off that surface onto a CMOS sensor.

radio frequency cordless mouse

Trackball mouse:

A trackball is a computer pointing device. It performs the same functions as the mouse. It has a rotating ball on it. The movement of the ball moves the cursor on the screen.

Trackball mouse

Stylus mouse:

A stylus is also called a stylus pen. It is small in size. Its shape is similar to the simple writing pen. It’s used to give commands to a computer screen.

Stylus mouse

Cordless 3-D mouse:

This type of mouse may be pointed at the computer screen like the television remote.


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